How to Onsen: The Naked Truth About Japan’s Best Cultural Experience


how to onsen

Tenzan-no-Yu in the Sagano area of Kyoto.

My absolute favorite Japanese cultural experience was the onsen.

It was also the one I was most hesitant to try.

But, with the encouragement of my daughter-in-law who had lived in Japan as a teacher, I went. For her it had been a weekly ritual with a girlfriend. Hop on bikes, cycle to a super onsen, soak, have dinner, go home.

It sounded idyllic so I sought out a super onsen in Kyoto. After doing my research – which, as it happens, didn’t help a lot – off I went.

Here I want to share with you how to enjoy an onsen in a way that will be of more value to you.

Onsen Basics – Five Things You Need to Know

  1. You will be naked. One never wears a bathing suit into an onsen. Because it is the way of everyone and it is a common Japanese activity, you need not worry. Bodies of all shapes and sizes are at the onsen. I have, as have most North American women, struggled with body image all my life. The onsen was an incredibly liberating experience.
  2. Onsens are almost always gender exclusive. There will either be separate onsens for women and men or, if there is only one onsen, there will be separate hours for each. If you’re looking for them, there are mixed onsens.
  3. Wash well before entering. This is the most important rule of an onsen. The Japanese are very clean people and nowhere is that more obvious than in the onsen. I’ll go through the specifics of the washing ritual below.
  4. Linger and enjoy. Japanese culture can be quite intense. Work hours are long. Expectations are high. The purpose of the onsen is not just to get clean but to relax, meet with friends, gossip, and linger. Do as much of that as you can.
  5. Look for an onsen, not a sento. The difference between an onsen and a sento is that the former is of natural hot spring water and the latter are just heated baths. As a visitor I would look for the true onsen experience.
how to onsen

This is the layout of Tenzan-no-Yu, a super onsen in the Sagano area of Kyoto. As you can see, there are good reasons to call it a super onsen. It offers far more than just the hot baths.

The Super Onsen: What I Loved About It

A super onsen is one with many pools, a restaurant, and other facilities. I only went to one super onsen when I was in Japan, the Tenzan-no-Yu in Kyoto. It was fantastic. Plan to spend many hours.

In addition to six large pools of different temperatures, two saunas, a variety of individual tubs, the necessary wash stations and dry rooms, Tenzan-no-Yu has a full restaurant, a juice bar, a body care area where you can get massages, and couple of rest areas.

My favorite pool option was what they call the Utata Hot Water Pool. It is one of the exterior pools and is very shallow and divided into four bed-like sections. Each has a stone for your head. You lie down on your back and the water will rise to about halfway up your body, leaving the back of your body warm in the mineral waters and your front cool in the air. It was fantastic.

After my soak I dried off and got dressed and had a fresh smoothie from their juice bar. Then I went for a massage which, I have to admit, was harder than most I’ve experienced. Shiatsu is performed fully clothed and it is my preferred massage therapy at home. This was a much harder version than I’m used to but, like all such body care, it felt great when it was over.

I have never felt more free and less body conscious than in this onsen. After my soak, while sipping my juice I enjoyed an amazing feeling of deep relaxation. It was noticeable all over my body.

The cost is 1,050 yen or about Cdn$12 or US$10, plus 200 yen for a towel rental. People with tattoos are not allowed to enter.

This super onsen in Kyoto has a restaurant, many pools, and lockers. The lockers shown are for your shoes as you enter. There are others in the dry room.

How To Go to an Onsen

Onsen etiquette is quite specific but it’s not complicated. It’s also a little different between an onsen and a super onsen, so here are your tips for both.

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